Urban Electoral Geography

The election patterns in local government elections in different states and the differences in structure of local government: (in)directly elected mayors, terms of mayors, etc.

Pursuant to the country wide delimitation of Parliament and Assembly constituencies on the basis of the 2001 Census, the number of urban constituencies has increased significantly. This is particularly evident in large metropolitan cities. Some of the cities have also expanded their boundaries substantially such as Hyderabad and Bangalore. The research study seeks to obtain information on the constituencies, electorate characteristics, candidate characteristics, voting outcomes such as turnout, margins of victory etc. The patterns, emerging from the recently held assembly elections will be related to City Corporation and municipal elections in selected places. This study will shed light on the nature of the emerging urban political leadership.

As part of the project, two comparative studies were carried out. One was on the outcomes in the urban constituencies of the State Assembly elections held in Andhra, Karnataka , West Bengal and Haryana.  Another was a comparison of the elections held in urban local bodies in West Bengal including Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Navi Mumbai and a few other cities in Maharashtra and Rajasthan.