Poverty in the Midst of Abundance: Repressive Populism, Bureaucratization, and Supply-side Bias in Madhya Pradesh’s Power Sector

in Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity in India’s States
Edited by Navroz K Dubash, Sunila S Kale, and Ranjit Bharvirkar
Oxford University Press

Electricity reforms in Madhya Pradesh remain underreported, despite some atypical outcomes. This chapter examines the political economy of transitions in MP’s power sector, with the objective of identifying drivers of policy choices and their outcomes. Drawing on the findings, this paper explains how intensive institutional restructuring has resulted in bureaucratization and consolidated state control over the sector, and discusses the resulting outcomes. It also analyses the implications of past experiences for ongoing and future reforms.