Alternative Service delivery models to transform citywide municipal waste services

By Rakesh Mehta and Shubhagato Dasgupta
15 February 2006

This paper discusses the process of involving the private sector in the management of the solid waste for the Indian capital Delhi – an urban area with a population of over 14 million. The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is among the largest municipal bodies in the world The first section of the paper provides a detailed description and analysis of the MSWM service in Delhi and its challenges. The next section describes the overall reform context in the MSWM sector in India. The paper then introduces the waste collection and transportation challenge and discusses the approach and process involved in detailed structuring of the preferred implementation option. The next section provides a brief overview of the process of bidding for private sector participation and an update on the present position of the awarded contracts. Finally the last chapter presents some of the learning on key success factors including openness and creativity on the part of the project developers, the need for detailed discussion with stakeholders and the importance of a transparent structuring and bidding process.