Rights Based Climate Litigation In The Indian Courts: Potential, Prospects & Potential Problems

4 June 2013

Abstract: Climate litigation is in its infancy in India. Climate-related claims have yet to be litigated in the courts. There are a few cases in which climate change has been referred to but only in passing. This situation may well be set to change. Climate change and its impacts are rapidly capturing the popular imagination in India. There is a growing recognition of the importance and urgency of the climate challenge, and a slew of climate policies and initiative at the national and state levels have been launched in response. India has an engaged and proactive civil society, an activist judiciary, a progressive body of enviro-legal jurisprudence, and an unparalleled culture of public interest litigation. This suggests not just that there are potential litigants waiting in the wings but also that climate-related claims are likely to be favorably entertained by the judiciary.