India’s Energy and Climate Policy: Lessons from Modelling Studies

By Navroz K Dubash, Radhika Khosla, Narasimha D Rao, and K Rahul Sharma
10 July 2015
Understanding India’s likely energy future is important for both development planning and climate policy. This review of seven national energy and climate modelling studies finds energy use will increase substantially in the absence of additional policies: coal use may increase by 2.5-3 times current levels by 2030, electricity supply by 3-4 times, and greenhouse gases by 2-3 times. However, results diverge widely, even for reference cases, limiting their use for policymaking. Collectively, these studies also use high GDP growth rates and do not fully consider the implications on energy security and environmental concerns. India’s energy and climate planning would be well served by complementary analysis of specific sectoral actions.
Suggested citation: Navroz K. Dubash, Radhika Khosla, Narasimha D. Rao and K. Rahul Sharma (2015) India’s Energy and Climate Policy: Lessons from Modelling Studies. Policy Brief. Center for Policy Research, New Delhi. Available at: