Monitoring Open Discharge-Free India: A comprehensive sanitation matrix

By Kimberly M Noronha and Shubhagato Dasgupta
11 October 2016

This report is the product of an effort to develop an assessment framework or matrix to measure sanitation outcomes in India. We begin by tracing international policy instruments on Open Defecation (Free) [OD (F)], the genealogy of the term, and then compare India's policy environment with the other top contributors to global open defecation in 2012 (Indonesia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Pakistan). We then outline the challenges in terms of defining OD(F) in 2012 (Indonesia, Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Pakistan). We then outline the challenges in terms of defining OD(F) and using existing survey instruments available to India to develop such a framework. Subsequently, we present a proposal for a matrix to measure sanitation outcomes in India covering 9 sanitation outcomes, making a case for the full sanitation chain especially open discharge free (ODF2) environs. Finally, we evaluate the emerging monitoring framework of Goal 6 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and suggest the consideration of this framework as part of the on-going efforts globally to evolve a monitoring framework for sanitation. 

Suggested Citation: Noronha, K. M., and Dasgupta, S. 2016. “Monitoring Open Discharge-Free India: A Comprehensive Sanitation Matrix” CPR Research Report. New Delhi: Centre for Policy Research. Available from: [http://cprindia.org/research/reports/ monitoring-open-discharge-free- india-comprehensive-sanitation-matrix]. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.33228.41607.”