Varieties of Climate Governance

Reducing carbon emissions across the economy creates some vexing governance challenges. Governments need mechanisms to arrive at a mitigation strategy that is at once acceptable to domestic constituencies and addresses growing pressure to decarbonize. To execute long-term plans, they must create coordination mechanisms that cajole several centrifugal forces across national and sub-national governments. And, finally, this governance system must have elements capable of handling the sensitive task of mediating politics between state and society.

So how are states restructuring themselves in response to the challenges of climate governance? This project analyses emerging climate institutions across major emitters globally. We also look into practical questions of institutional design for India in particular. We try to understand the political drivers of institutional change over many decades and the exact processes through which those changes take place. We aim to begin a discussion on models of effective governance that may be useful to policymakers, scholars, and activists alike.