India’s Engagement in Global Climate Negotiations from Rio to Paris
India’s positions in global climate negotiations have evolved over three distinct periods. The first period of international regime creation in the 1980s and 90s saw India play an important role in building coalitions with developing countries to draw clear commitments from developed countries on emission reduction, finance and technology transfers. In the second period from 2005 to 2010, marked by transition and contestation, India showed flexibility and put forth voluntary commitments while opposing moves to dilute the concept of differentiated responsibility. The third period, from 2011 to 2015, was marked by Indian compromise with changing negotiation contours that pushed for symmetrical treatment of developing and developed countries in matters of differentiation. This chapter also explores the reasons for continuity and change in India’s positions over the decades.
India in a Warming World is open-access. To view the complete table of contents, read other chapters in this book, and learn more about the editor and the authors, click here. The book is freely downloadable as a PDF from the Oxford University Press website. The link to this PDF is given below: