India and Paris: A Pragmatic Way Forward
The universal provision of adequate and affordable energy to all is a major political objective in India, and the climate change agenda has therefore focussed on ways and means to facilitate low/zero carbon based energy options. Between 2012 and 2015, domestic technological and institutional initiatives enabled a rapid decline in the prices of LED bulbs and of solar electricity, and an associated increase in their market penetration. This experience, along with the ongoing climate-change discussions, created opportunities to address climate concerns while focussing on national energy development challenges. It opened the door for India, in the run-up to Paris, to recognize that the pledge-and-enhance approach could be integrated within the domestic energy agenda. This led to India’s proactive stance in the development of the Paris Agreement, as well as the launch of the International Solar Alliance, and an expansion of its traditional G-77 role into its new G-20 role.
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