An analysis of the Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change
Madhya Pradesh (MP) was one of the first states to begin work on a State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in 2009. The state had the advantage of a dedicated Climate Change Cell driving the process as well as senior bureaucrats who facilitated the formation of the cell and ensured donor engagement on the project. There was some focus on bringing new ideas in process design: This included multiple formal structures to formulate the plan, as well as 23 workshops to garner extensive external and departmental participation. 13 of these were organised in different agro- climatic zones across districts – a first on that scale for any state.
In terms of a framework, MP’s climate plan focuses predominantly on vulnerability and adaptation. Mitigation-related activities such as a state Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory have been kept out of the purview of the document. Its scope therefore is limited. A combination of time-constraints, capacity issues in accessing climate science, and the challenges of processing diverse inputs from consultations led to a disconnect between final recommendations and both the district level information generated, as well as climate projections.
MP’s climate plan leans towards broad sustainable development outcomes, but not always from the climate lens. Understandably, climate development planning is in its infancy in the country and no framework exists for generating or prioritising actions from a climate perspective. Despite these constraints, MP is developing a framework to ‘nudge’ other line-departments to mainstream climate change in their sectoral plans. The MP climate plan has been endorsed by the central governmant’s National Steering Committee.