Faecal Sludge and Septage Management in Rajasthan: A Review of the Law and Policy Framework
This report examines the regulatory framework governing Faecal Sludge and Septage Management in the State of Rajasthan. The aim of the report is to map the potential and limitations of the extant legal and policy framework governing FSSM in Rajasthan and at the Central Level and to analyze the challenges in the actual implementation of FSSM in Rajasthan. The study was conducted in two stages. The first stage involved a mapping of legal, institutional and policy framework in FSSM in Rajasthan at large, and of the selected cities/towns of Bikaner, Rajsamand and Jaisalmer in particular. The second stage involved field visits to the selected towns to examine the implementation of the extant regulations. The fieldwork was done through in-depth semi-structured and unstructured interviews with various stakeholders including different agencies and residents in the particular urban area. The findings of the study relate to identification of regulatory gaps, multiplicity and lack of co-ordination within various institutions and different narratives on the need of FSSM that exist at different levels of governance.