Reducing Non-Tariff Barriers to Food Trade Between India and South Asia: Eliminating Phyto-Sanitary and Sanitary Issues

Reducing Non-Tariff Barriers to Food Trade Between India and South Asia: Eliminating Phyto-Sanitary and Sanitary Issues

By Hemant Shivakumar and Shiva
15 September 2015

Phyto - Sanitary and Sanitary requirements are a major NonTariffBarrier (NTB) that restrict trade potential between India and South Asian nations at trading posts in India. A significant amount of trade between India and South Asian countries happen at overland border posts such as Attari, Benapole, Birgunj and Raxaul among others. India imports a range of perishables from its South Asian neigbours through these posts. Yet, problems related to standards and harmonization of phyto sanitaryand sanitary procedures at such posts and other technical barriers pose severe constraints on bilateral trade. This results in variability in time and cost of freight movement and eventually affects food price stability and availability of food stocks in India