Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of the Bhakra-Nangal Project

This research project was undertaken to study the economic, social and environmental impacts of the Bhakra Dam and auxiliary structures, which formed a part of the Bhakra-Nangal Project (BNP). The sphere of influence of the BNP extends to the states of Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan and the National Capital Territory Delhi. It stabilises and improves the century-old Sirhind canal irrigation system and brings irrigation to a vast new area. It generates significant hydropower and links with the northern regional grid to serve domestic and industrial uses. In addition, the BNP enables flood-moderation, serves as a source of industrial and domestic water supply to metropolitan areas, cities and villages and offers numerous incidental benefits. The CPR study looked into not only the primary objectives served but also analysed secondary and tertiary impacts and the manner in which it had contributed to the development of the region and the country. The project was completed in June 2004.


R Rangachari, Honorary Research Professor at CPR was the Coordinator and Director of this project.