Politics often dictates the dynamics of policy making and implementation, especially in a socially diverse and developing economy like India. As a policy research institute, the Center for Policy Research (CPR) believes that understanding political exigencies and priorities is critical. The Politics Initiative, set up in 2019 has been envisioned to provide high quality research to understand the rapid changes in India’s political economy landscape which is now being manifested through significant electoral consequences. Since inception, the initiative has looked at the changing competitive political party system, political and legislative institutions, ideological worldview and preferences of political actors, voting behavior, and incentive structures and choices that shape policy decisions. In engaging with questions, the initiative aims to become a pre-eminent hub of empirically rigorous, theoretically rich, historically-informed political research that shapes the discussions on key policy issues in the country.