Working Papers

LAND RIGHTS FOR URBAN SLUM DWELLERS: A Review of the Odisha Land Ri...

Theorists of economic development have emphasized the importance of clear, legally guaranteed property rights in ensuring economic development. Legally enforceable rights over land are thought of as a solution to incentivize investment in land, ensure optimal use of resources and create the condi...

The State of India’s Pollution Control Boards – A Series of P...

State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) and their counterparts in union territories, the Pollution Control Committees (PCCs), are responsible for several key functions to curb air pollution. These include granting consents, setting emission and effluent standards, monitoring compliance of industry...

Frontline Workers and the Covid-19 Pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic proved to be a global disaster that took countless lives, many of whom were frontline functionaries deployed to contain this crisis. As a result, the Indian state, unlike before, had to acknowledge the risk that accompanied their workers in this crisis. They promised them va...

Band-Aid Solutions Won’t Staunch India’s Power Crisis

India is experiencing yet another power crisis. In the last week of April, the daily peak power shortage rose to 10,778 megawatt (MW). Power deficits reached 5% of overall supply at the national level, while a few states experienced steep deficits ranging up to 15%. To deal with the scarcity, dis...

Climate Faultlines: India’s Lessons from the Glasgow COP26 Climate ...

India’s engagement in Glasgow, while storied and multi-faceted, also exposed faultlines in Indian climate politics. The faultlines in framing, policy, institutions, and diplomacy need to be addressed cogently if the country is to successfully negotiate the many transitions ahead.

Work from Home – How Good is it for the Environment?

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a large-scale global experiment on work from home (WFH). WFH is expected to continue, albeit at a smaller scale, in the post-pandemic world. WFH is commonly considered to be an energy saving measure that can help reduce office travel related energy demand and energy u...

Working Paper Series: Debates on Administrative Reform in India

Administrative reforms of the civil services have seen renewed focus in the past few years with the announcement of initiatives such as Mission Karmayogi, changes to the foundation course for trainee officers of the All India Services, and efforts to induct lateral entrants into the bureaucracy. ...

The Data Story: Uttar Pradesh Elections 2022 – Phase 1

In the first phase of the Uttar Pradesh elections of 2022, 58 assembly constituencies (ACs) will go to the polls. Polling will take place on 10 February, 2022. In this note, we first analyze and provide social context for the historical electoral trends across these 58 assembly constituencies. Se...


DataCommons @ CPR

Preliminary Observations on Union Budget 2022-23: Focus on energy, ...

The Union Budget of 2022-23 promises to take issues of sustainability and climate change seriously. And indeed, its framing on these issues is promising and forward looking. For example, it promises a low-carbon development strategy, tied to job creation, and sees the climate change agenda as an ...


cpr initiative on climate and energy and enviro...

Submission to the Commission for Air Quality Management in NCR and ...

The setting up of the Commission for Air Quality Management (CAQM) represents a significant milestone for air quality management in India. The Commission’s ability to perform its functions effectively and facilitate measures that will improve air quality in the NCR and adjoining areas for the lon...

Water and Federalism: Working with States for Water Security

India’s poor water security indicators are partly a result of the poor translation of federal spirit in governing its water resources. The limited scholarship on the subject recognizes the vacuum in federal water governance and the weak articulation of Centre’s role to work with states in pursuin...

Lessons from the Covid Care Centers in West Bengal

With the continuing emergence of Covid-19 variants, there is underlying concern in all countries, including India, that another surge will occur in the coming months. In case of a surge like that experienced with the Delta variant, a strategy that deserves further attention for the provision of c...

Jishnu Das
patrick agte, abhijit chowdhury, parthasarathi ...

Strengthening India’s Ambient Air Quality Standard-Setting Process

The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) provide the basis for assessing air quality nationally, determining pollution control priorities, and defining what we consider to be acceptable air quality to protect public health. They are framed and issued by the Central Pollution Control Boa...

Airing Differences? Reading the Political Narrative on Air Quality ...

Air pollution exposure is a year-round, nation-wide public health crisis in India. This paper presents a careful reading of nearly eleven hours of discussions on air pollution that took place in the upper and lower Houses of Parliament in November 2019. The discussions provide unique insight into...

Rewriting the Grammar of the Education System: Delhi’s Education Re...

This book seeks to illuminate the multifaceted challenges of introducing change and transition in low-capacity settings and documents the process of implementing an education reform in Delhi, India.

Features of Climate Law

The conversation about a climate change law in India is fast growing. Just in the past few months, a series of documents such as reports and op-eds proposing an Indian climate law, and a private member’s bill (listed for introduction to parliament) and a draft law on climate change have begun to ...

The Principles of Climate Legislation

This draft discussion paper makes a case for debating the large conceptual questions surrounding climate change legislation before hastily arriving at solutions or jumping to the drafting procedure. It explores the chief questions of principle that would influence the form and structure of an Ind...

The Constituent Assembly Debates on Property: Unravelling the Prope...

The Fundamental Right to Property enjoys the unique distinction of not only being the second most contentious provision in the drafting of the Indian Constitution, but also the most amended provision, and the only fundamental right to be ultimately abolished. The debate over property rights began...