In this report, the researchers have examined the Faecal Sludge and Septage Management Framework in the State of Odisha. The study has been conducted in the towns of Berhampur, Dhenkenal and Puri. The differences that these towns show in terms of administrative set-up and population with respect to each other is why they have been chosen as the focus of our study. The first stage of the study involved a desk-review of various laws and policies operative at the national, state and local level in Odisha in the realm of Sanitation and FSSM. The second stage of the study involved field-research in the specified towns with district agencies and stakeholders through structured and semi-unstructured interviews. Broadly, the findings of the study relate to the priority given to on-site sanitation in comparison to off-site sanitation, the mechanism of co-ordination between various institutions involved in Faecal sludge and Septage management, and the complexities resulting from their being multiple service providers with multiple price models in the area of Faecal Sludge and Septage Management. The report is concluded with suggestions with respect to each of these taking into account field and desk findings.