Policy Briefs & Reports

Bridging the Gap Opportunities for Private Sector Participation in Faecal Sludge and Septage Management

Anindita Mukherjee, Prashant Arya, Shubhagato Dasgupta
Shikha Shukla Chhabra

Centre for Policy Research,

March 30, 2019

Between FY 2006-07 and FY 2010- 11, allocations for the Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) more than doubled from 2,000 crore to 5,171 crore. In FY 2015-16, GOI discontinued key schemes run by the Ministry. Consequently, allocations have fallen to 95 crore.
BRGF has been discontinued in FY 2015-16. This brief reviews the performance of the scheme from its launch in FY 2006-07 to FY 2014-15.
BRGF is made up of two components: a) district component covering 272 backward districts across 28 states administered by the MoPR, and b) state component which includes a special plan for Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal, administered by the erstwhile Planning Commission.
Allocations for the state component have more than doubled from 2,130 crore in FY
2010-11 to 5,000 crore in FY 2013- 14. In contrast, allocations for the district component decreased by 45% during the same period.
There are two types of grants released under the district component — a Development Fund (DF) grant and a Capacity Building (CB) grant.
Release of funds has slowed down in the last three years. In FY 2014- 15, only 49% of total entitlements under DF and 21% under CB had been released. In fact, 32% districts got no DF releases in FY 2014-15.
Utilisation of funds under BRGF is high. Between FY 2009-10 and FY 2013-14, on average, 85% of total funds released under the scheme were spent.
Eligible districts received more than 5 times the money through MGNREGS than through BRGF district component.