Policy Briefs & Reports

Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Aspects Of Faecal Sludge Management In Small Towns

Anju Dwivedi, Shubhagato Dasgupta
Shikha Shukla Chhabra

Centre for Policy Research

August 10, 2020

The overall vision of Project Nirmal is the demonstration of appropriate, low-cost, decentralized, inclusive and sustainable sanitation service delivery solutions for two small towns (Angul and Dhenkanal) in Odisha leading to improved sanitation access for all households and integration of FSM in the sanitation value chain, through enabling institutional and financial arrangements and increased private sector participation.

The project is being implemented by Practical Action and Centre for Policy Research with support from Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Arghyam; Housing and Urban Development, Government of Odisha; and Municipalities of Angul and Dhenkanal.