Policy Briefs & Reports

Private Sector Participation in Faecal Sludge & Septage Management

Shubhagato Dasgupta, Anindita Mukherjee, Arushi Gupta, Kshitij Jaiswal, Prashant Arya
SR Ramanujam, Yogesh Upadhyaya

March 30, 2022

The Policy Brief Series is prepared under the research programme, Scaling City Institutions for India (SCI-FI) funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF). As part of its research programme on urban sanitation, SCI-FI has been undertaking studies since the launch of the NFSSM Policy on the nature and scope of private sector participation in urban sanitation services. Based on SCI-FI’s interventions and research, a series of five Policy Briefs have been prepared in an effort to summarise the sector characteristics and the gamut of private participation in the collection, conveyance and treatment part of the FSSM sector. Culminating the findings from the research, SCI-FI has designed a tool for ULBs to evaluate their ‘Doing Business’ score for small-scale FSSM businesses engaged in collection, conveyance and treatment of faecal sludge.

The five policy briefs in the series on 1) Evaluating PPP experiences of key infrastructure sectors: Learnings for FSSM, 2) Designing a framework to facilitate private investments in FSSM, 3) Characteristics of the FSSM sector, 4) Business needs and good practices in the FSSM sector, and 5) Framework for finance flows in the FSSM value chain, have been developed under this partnership for documenting the learnings from the above endeavours. It further brings out the critical aspects of on-ground implementation, challenges, and opportunities.

Documents:

Policy Brief 1: Evaluating PPP experiences of key infrastructure sectors: Learnings for FSSM

Policy Brief 2: Designing a framework to facilitate private investments in FSSM

Policy Brief 3: Characteristics of the FSSM sector

Policy Brief 4: Business needs and good practices in the FSSM sector

Policy Brief 5: Framework for finance flows in the FSSM value chain

EoDB Report

The SCI-FI-BMGF partnership primarily focused to improve the understanding of the reasons for poor sanitation, and to examine how these might be related to technology and service delivery models, institutions, governance and financial issues, and socio-economic dimensions. Based on research findings, it seeks to support national, state and city authorities develop policies and programmes for intervention with the goal of increasing access to inclusive, safe and sustainable sanitation.

The current business models could easily be integrated into formal setup by mandating a few guidelines based on the recommendations elucidated in this study and building on the knowledge generated by academicians, experts and civil society organisations. Such multipronged interventions are expected to provide better financial as well as environmental sustainability to all the stakeholders in the FSSM business, which translates to better service provision to customers of the business.

Document:

Pump Up: External Facing Report