Policy Briefs & Reports

Regularising Unauthorised Colonies in...

While the government has created a long, complex, and cumbersome process for regularisation, it has resulted in little. By any reasonable definition of regularisation, residents should receive improved infrastructure and more stable land tenure as a result of the process. Here’s what happened in ...

The Case of Sonia Gandhi Camp: The Pr...

14 April 2014 The process of slum eviction and rehabilitation in Delhi continues to be plagued by serious governance challenges. We identify two broad problems. First, despite the designation of a nodal agency, slum rehabilitation suffers from a lack of coordination, with various government agen...

The Process of Eviction and Demolitio...

India’s capital is marked by diferent settlement types, defined by diverse degrees of formality, legality, and tenure. As part of a larger project on urban transformation in India, Cities of Delhi seeks to carefully document the degree to which access to basic services varies across these diferen...

Regularising Delhi’s unauthoris...

The unauthorised colony (UAC) is one of the seven types of ‘unplanned’ settlement designated by the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (GNCTD). UACs are residential settlements built in contravention of zoning regulations, developed either in violation of Delhi’s master plans or on...

The State of Indian Development Coope...

Indian development cooperation has changed remarkably since its inception, shortly after its independence.The size and diversity of India’s development partnerships have grown, particularly over the past decade, nearly quadrupling in volume. Today, Indian development assistance is comparable to t...

Rani Mullen, Sanskriti Jain
Hemant Shivakumar, Kailash Prasad, Sanjana Hari...
A Tale of two STPs – Case study...

Is a case study from a temple town (Puri) in the east coast of India. This case study begins with how this small city famous for temple based tourism, first came to set up a waste water treatment system and then goes onto illustrate how the underground sewerage project currently under constructio...

Case Study of Sanitation in Satara Na...

This brief describes how the Satara Nagar Palika (Municipality) a medium sized town in the state of Maharasthra, manages to provide basic urban services like water, solid waste and faecal waste management. The note profiles their planning and management practices and provides a valuable snapshot ...

Indonesia’s Approach to Urban S...

The WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) data for 2011 shows that Indonesia comes second after India in number of people without access to toilets. In urban areas 13.9% of the population in India practice open defecation, while the number is 13.1% for Indonesia. This policy note explores how...

Keeping the NUSP effort on Track R...

This is a policy discussion note, which examines how coordinated and widespread have the different initiatives to improve urban sanitation been across cities and states and what possible steps may be taken by the Government of India to actively support the National Urban Sanitation Policy. The no...

Report and Proceedings from the Polic...

The roundtable was jointly organized by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Centre for Policy Research on the side-lines of the BMGF’s Reinvent the Toilet Fare. The roundtable brought together senior policy makers, city and state level implementers, technocrats and sector experts to bra...

FY 2015 Interim Budget: Is the fiscal...

The finance minister presented the interim budget in the parliament on 17th February, 2014. The full budget will be presented in June-July after the general election. The Finance minister ostensibly kept his promise and remained on the path of fiscal consolidation. The revised estimate for the FY...

Rajiv Kumar
Geetima Das Krishna
CPI inflation eased to 8.1% in Februa...

A growing international engagement by border states today has the scope to frame the terms of India’s evolving engagement with its subregional neighbourhood. These hold the potential to recognise the local actor as a critical stakeholder on a range of transborder issues such as trade, energy, env...

Rajiv Kumar
Geetima Das Krishna
From Margins to Mainstream? State Cli...

State Action Plans on Climate Change (SAPCC) hold potential as an important intervention in the development process. They provide an institutional platform to mainstream concerns of environmental sustainability into development planning and, if done properly, to update ideas of sustainability to ...

An analysis of Karnataka’s Acti...

In 2014, the Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) to resolve India’s sanitation bottlenecks and accelerate the development of sanitation markets. Targeting the elimination of open defecation through universal toilet access, over 5.5 million urban toilets have been ...

An analysis of the Madhya Pradesh Sta...

Unlike some other states such as Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, and Gujarat, climate change has not been a prominent part of the Government of Karnataka’s pronouncements on its future development direction. While senior state bureaucrats have been supportive of developing a plan, there is little evide...

An analysis of the Odisha Climate Cha...

Odisha was the one of the first states to begin work on a Climate Change Action Plan in 2009. The plan had the support of the Chief Minister (CM) and was led separately by two senior bureaucrats who put in place very different institutional practices and time-lines. As a result the climate plan s...

An analysis of the Sikkim Action Plan...

Sikkim has been engaged in a number of climate related initiatives since 2008. Much of the work has been supported by a Chief Minister (CM) keen to further the state’s green credentials. Sikkim’s climate plan – drafted as an extension of its green drive – was initiated in 2010 and actively driven...

An analysis of the State Strategy and...

Himachal Pradesh (HP), like many other hill states, has been seeking to build a ‘green’ image.1 The Himachal Pradesh Strategy and Action Plan on Climate Change, is an extension of this focus and received considerable political interest when it was drafted. But the HP plan is also a study in how c...


Anu Jogesh