Policy Briefs & Reports

Rural Local Body Core Functions and F...

In 2013-14, Accountability Initiative(AI) was tasked by the Fourteenth Central 14th Finance Commission (FFC) to examine several aspects of the structure of devolution of powers, responsibilities and finances by states to rural local bodies (RLBs), based on the data provided by them to the FFC. Ou...


T R Raghunandan
Categorisation of settlement in Delhi

Policy and planning documents define eight types of settlement in Delhi, only one of which is termed “planned”. The other seven types of settlement become, by opposition, ‘unplanned’. This ‘unplanned’ city houses the vast majority of Delhi’s residents across the economic spectrum: these settlemen...

The Curious Case of GDP Growth

The Central Statistics Office (CSO), the custodian of Indian statistics, has faced a lot of questioning after the release of the new GDP series with 2011-12 as base. The RBI, Ministry of Finance, IMF, several credit rating agencies have all questioned the validity of the revisions. Some analysts ...

Rajiv Kumar
Geetima Das Krishna
Informing India’s Energy and Cl...

What should India put forward as the mitigation component of its climate contribution (or ‘Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’ (INDC))? Since energy accounts for 77% of India’s greenhouse gas emissions, this question can only be answered as one part of a larger discussion about India’s e...

Navroz K Dubash, Radhika Khosla
Narasimha D Rao, K Rahul Sharma
The Delhi Jal Board (DJB): Seeing bey...

Delhi’s jhuggi jhopri clusters (JJCs), resettlement colonies, and unauthorised colonies are largely without piped water supply. In its absence, residents of these and other informal settlements—estimated to house threequarters of Delhi’s residents1 —have come to rely on a patchwork of alternative...

Export and Exchange Rate

“A key macro-economic variable critical to competitiveness and prospects for export growth is the exchange rate…..If the nominal exchange rate stays steady and the rate of inflation in India is higher than that in the rest of the world (as has been the case for the last decade) the real exchange ...

Rajiv Kumar
Geetima Das Krishna
The intersection of governments in Delhi

Many of the challenges and complexities of governance in Delhi arise from its place at the intersection of local, state, and national jurisdictions. This brief explains Delhi’s governance structure at the local, state, and union levels of government.

The State of the Nation: RTE Section ...

Segregation in access to education in India had been escalating since the 1970s when a large number of private schools capitalized on the opportunity to provide separate schools for the middle class. This initial segregation was further perpetuated with a boom in the availability of low-fee priva...

Ekta Joshi
Ankur Sarin, Sunaina Kuhn, Bikkrama Daulet Sin...
Limbo in Sangam Vihar: Delhi’s ...

The unauthorised colony is one of seven types of unplanned settlements in Delhi, built on land which is either not zoned for residential use by the Master Plan or which has not yet been included in the development area. These colonies are most often situated on land zoned for agricultural use tha...

Subhadra Banda, Shahana Sheikh
Ben Mandelkern, Bijendra Jha
Budget Brief 2015-16: Backward Region...

Between FY 2006-07 and FY 2010- 11, allocations for the Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR) more than doubled from 2,000 crore to 5,171 crore. In FY 2015-16, GOI discontinued key schemes run by the Ministry. Consequently, allocations have fallen to 95 crore. BRGF has been discontinued in FY 2015-1...

Budget Brief 2015-16: Mahatma Gandhi ...

In FY 2015-16, 34,699 crore was allocated to MGNREGS, accounting for 47% of the total MoRD budget. An additional 5,000 crore has been committed in 2015-16, based on resource availability. The timing of fund releases has slowed down considerably in FY 2014-15. In FY 2013-14, 60% of the funds we...

Avani Kapur
Anindita Adhikaari
Budget Brief 2015-16: National Health...

Total public health expenditure (GOI and states) more than doubled between FY 2008-09 and FY 2014- 15. However, as a percentage of GDP, expenditures in FY 2014-15 remained at 1.2% of GDP. GOI allocations for NHM stand at 18,875 crore in FY 2015-16, an increase of 1% over FY 2014-15. However, the...

Budget Brief 2015-16: Rashtriya Madhy...

With the launch of the Right to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE), the total SSA budget (including GOI and state shares) increased over 2-fold from `27,552 crore in FY 2009-10 to 69,982 crore in FY 2012-13. Since FY 2013-14, however, the total approved budget has been reducing. In FY 2014-15, 5...

Budget Brief 2015-16: Sarva Shiksha A...

Allocations for MoDWS in FY 2013- 14 accounted for 0.11% of the GDP at current prices. With the launch of SBM in 2014, allocations increased by 24% from FY 2013-14 to FY 2014-15. In FY 2015-16, 3,625 crore has been allocated for SBM - an increase of 27% over the previous financial year. The pa...

Avani Kapur
Smriti Iyer
50 Years of Indian Technical and Econ...

As the program on Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) continues to grow, through this comprehensive study, IDCR analyzes the evolution of ITEC, and its impact on India’s bilateral relations with partner countries. The study also provides valuable suggestions to further strengthen the...

Rani Mullen, Kunal Singh
Kailash Prasad, Hemant Shivakumar
The Delhi Development Authority: Accu...

In 1957, India’s central government endowed the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) with a monopoly over planning and development in the capital, including the construction of housing. Today, the Authority owns about a quarter of Delhi’s land and is involved in almost every activity related to land...

Shahana Sheikh
Ben Mandelkern
In-situ Upgradation of Delhi’s ...

India’s capital is marked by different settlement types, defined by diverse degrees of formality, legality, and tenure. As part of a larger project on urban transformation in India, Cities of Delhi seeks to carefully document the degree to which access to basic services varies across these differ...