Policy Briefs & Reports

Fixated on Megawatts: Urgent Need to ...

In India, there is great concern over the retail tariffs being charged for electricity, but ironically little attention is paid to the components of overall costs. Power generation makes up 70-80% of the cost of supplying electricity, and power procurement practices have a significant effect on t...

Ashwini K Swain
Daljit Singh
School Sanitation in Odisha

Sanitation access in schools is important to keep children, especially girl children in school. It is also important to spread the culture of safe sanitation more widely, especially among the young. Using a unique mapping of DISE (District Information System for Education) data on 0.94 million sc...

Shamindra Nath Roy
Sukriti Jhingta
Midcourse Manoeuvres: Community strat...

Land transformation has been at the centre of economic growth of post-colonial, Asian nation-states. While their political reforms and economic policies have focused on land governance, the outcomes have resulted in promoting privatisation and speculative business interest in ecologically sensiti...

Midcourse Manoeuvres: Community strat...

Land transformation has been at the centre of economic growth of post-colonial, Asian nation-states. While their political reforms and economic policies have focused on land governance, the outcomes have resulted in promoting privatisation and speculative business interest in ecologically sensiti...

Midcourse Manoeuvres:Community strate...

Land transformation has been at the centre of economic growth of post-colonial, Asian nation-states. While their political reforms and economic policies have focused on land governance, the outcomes have resulted in promoting privatisation and speculative business interest in ecologically sensiti...

General Issues in Elaborating the Par...

The Paris Agreement establishes a new multilateral architecture guiding countries’ climate change efforts under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Parties are currently negotiating more detailed rules and procedures for implementing the agreement, including provisions addre...

Lavanya Rajamani
Daniel Bodansky
Migration Junctions in India and Indo...

More than two decades after the Building and Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 and the Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996 came into force, the efficacy of this framework remains in question. Correctional steps hav...

Mukta Naik
Gregory Randolph
Caring for the coast- Building regula...

Across the globe, the “development experience” of communities varies depending on their socioeconomic and political backgrounds. As a result of advancing developmental projects, a few communities are invariably made to pay a disproportionate share of the environmental costs in the form of exposur...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program
Making the law count – Ten envi...

Across the world, poor communities bear a disproportionate burden of the environmental cost of development. Harmful projects such as polluting industrial units, municipal disposal sites or mining projects are usually situated close to poor neighbourhoods. These communities grapple on a daily basi...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program
Plugging In Energy Demand in Indian R...

India is poised at the edge of an energy transformation. This shift is shaped in large part by the country’s ongoing economic, social, and technological transitions. Indian cities will host an influx of 200 million more people by 2030. Most of these people will come from a low base of developmen...

Regulation for Groundwater Abstraction

Contamination of groundwater sources due to over-abstraction and discharge of polluting substances has been a long standing problem in most parts of the country. In 1974, a legislation was specifically enacted to regulate and prohibit water pollution. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollutio...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program
Using Law to Combat Water Pollution

Contamination of surface water sources due to the discharge of polluting substances has been a long standing problem in most parts of the country. In 1974, a legislation was specifically enacted to regulate and prohibit water pollution. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 es...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program
Manual Scavenging in India: A Literat...

In 2013, the Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993.was ostensibly amended to include all those who worked without adequate physical safety protection and through direct human contact to manually clean human faecal waste. The resulting legislation...

Working In Tandem: The Informal Septi...

The aim of this research report is to explore the types of sanitation services that exist in non-networked settlements. Based on a case study of Aya Nagar in South Delhi, the research shows how households are primarily dependent on septic tanks, and rely on an informal market comprising of small-...

The Legal Regime and Political Econom...

Context: India holds the unique distinction of being both the world's largest constitutional democracy and also one of its fastest growing economies. Critical to the process of India's economic development is state acquisition of land for infrastructure and industrial development. Creating a l...

Leaping over Potholes? The Road Ahead...

India has been underscoring the transformative potential of cross-border partnerships in tourism for the Northeast. But whatever the glossy brochures may proclaim, initiatives taken in the name of the Northeast seldom ask the question to what extent the border region will benefit from these. The ...

Around the Landfill Sites: A groundtr...

Around the landfill sites: A groundtruthing of solid waste management law across landfill sites in coastal areas of Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka, highlights a community-led groundtruthing exercise in relation to the operation of municipal solid waste processing units and landfills along coa...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program