Policy Briefs & Reports

The Cubbyhole of Area Studies: Why In...

Indian IR appears today to be caught in a Dickensian moment of sorts, signalling both momentum and inertia at the same time. At a time when Indian diplomacy appears to be turning a discursive corner, the intellectual discourse is all but stuck in an analytical culde-sac. The fatigue of attempting...

What Matters for Urban Women’s ...

India is one of the lowest globally in terms of female labour force participation (FLFP), ranking only better than Pakistan in South Asia. While the decline in FLFP in rural areas is starkly visible, the urban FLFP has been consistently low since the 1980s despite higher economic growth and incre...

Towards furthering action research fo...

The Centre for Policy Research organized a workshop titled “Towards Furthering Action Research for Sanitation Workers’ Safety” on December 4, 2018. The objective of the workshop was to build knowledge-sharing networks, learn from experiences of various states and initiate a broader discussion on ...

Closing the Enforcement Gap: Groundtr...

Janabhivyakti, the Centre for Policy Research-Namati Environmental Justice Program and Oxfam India have jointly conducted a groundtruthing study of environmental violations in the Bodai-Daldali bauxite mine located in the Kabirdham district of Chhattisgarh. A groundtruthing study is the process o...


CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program
Budget Brief 2019-20: Mahatma Gandhi ...

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) is a flagship scheme of the Government of India (GoI) which aims to provide at least 100 days of guaranteed wage employment in a financial year (FY) to every rural household that demands work. Using government reported data, this...

Budget Brief 2019-20: National Health...

National Health Mission (NHM) is Government of India's (GoI’s) largest public health programme. It consists of two sub-missions: National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), and National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) Using government data, this brief reports on: Allocations and expenditures fo...

Budget Brief 2019-20: National Rural ...

National Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), is Government of India’s (GoI’s) flagship rural drinking water supply scheme. The scheme aims to provide safe and adequate water for drinking, cooking, and other domestic needs on a sustainable basis. Using government reported data, this brief report...

Budget Brief 2019-20: Swachh Bharat M...

Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin or SBM-G is the Government of India’s (GoI) flagship rural sanitation programme. Using government data, this brief reports on trends for SBM-G along the following parameters: Allocations and expenditures from GoI share Physical progress of toilets built Ex...

Budget Brief 2019-20: Swachh Bharat M...

Swachh Bharat Mission- Urban (SBM-U) is the Government of India's (GoI's) nation-wide flagship programme targeting universal sanitation coverage in urban areas. Using government data, this brief reports on: Allocations, releases, and expenditures State-wise and component wise trends in ...

Note on Faecal Sludge Management in R...

Rural areas in India are experiencing significant gains in toilet coverage under the public funded programmes. Given the rate of ‘in-situ urbanization’ in a growing urban paradigm,the rural areas, in many parts, seems to emulate urban infrastructural preferences for their toilets. This may remain...

An Overview of the Smart Cities Missi...

The newly elected federal Government of India (GoI) launched the Smart Cities Mission (SCM) in 2015 with the stated purpose of improving the governance and infrastructural deficiencies that plague Indian cities. The Mission categorically states that there is no one definition of a 'smart city' an...

Persis Taraporevala
Ashwathy Anand, Ajai Sreevatsan
Unpacking the Processes of Open Defec...

This report is the culmination of a study conducted by the Accountability Initiative (AI) on Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin in 2017 on the request of the Udaipur district administration. The study understands the outcomes, and the processes, which led to Open Defecation Free status in selected Gram...

Migration to Brick Kilns in India: An...

This report, jointly put out by the Centre for Policy Research and JustJobs Network, draws attention to geographies in India and Indonesia that are acting as migration junctions because they simultaneously experience high levels of in- and out-migration. The quantitative analysis is based on an e...

Integrating Urban Development and Cli...

Indian cities routinely make decisions on land use, housing, water, transport, economic growth and waste management that have implications for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Aligning these sectoral actions with climate goals involves understanding how infrastructural systems interact a...

Legal Material on Human wildlife conf...

The CPR-Namati Environmental Justice Program, with support from Duleep Matthai Nature Conservation Trust has prepared handouts on the legal mechanisms available in Human wildlife conflict in Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Odisha and Karnataka. These handouts entail: A brief overview of the present s...

Fixated on Megawatts: Urgent Need to ...

In India, there is great concern over the retail tariffs being charged for electricity, but ironically little attention is paid to the components of overall costs. Power generation makes up 70-80% of the cost of supplying electricity, and power procurement practices have a significant effect on t...

Ashwini K Swain
Daljit Singh
School Sanitation in Odisha

Sanitation access in schools is important to keep children, especially girl children in school. It is also important to spread the culture of safe sanitation more widely, especially among the young. Using a unique mapping of DISE (District Information System for Education) data on 0.94 million sc...

Shamindra Nath Roy
Sukriti Jhingta